#1 Reading is difficult because English is confusing
#2 Reading is difficult because many lack the required underlying processing skills
#3 Reading is difficult because it is often taught incorrectly
Teach underlying skills
Since sounds (not syllables, blends, full words or rhyming combinations) are the key that unlocks our English writing system, successful readers must be taught to segment (pull apart), blend (put together), and analyze words at the sound (phonemic) level.
Use a sound to code basis
Good reading programs teach the sound code for the 43 phonemes (individual sounds) of the English language as well as the alternative spellings for those sounds. By learning that letters or letter combinations stand for specific sounds of speech, reading and spelling are taught concurrently.
Handle the alternative spellings of sounds and code overlap
After the student has learned the most probable spelling for each sound, the less probable (alternative) spelling should be introduced. Overlaps of the code, in which a letter or letter combinations represent more than one sound, must also be taught.
The most successful reading programs (those that get the biggest, quickest reading and spelling improvement with the highest percentage of students) are those that incorporate most of the above components. Of the hundreds of reading programs available, the three that come closest to the standards listed above are the Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing Program (LIPS), Phono-Graphix, and Master the Code (MTC).
Although the results vary by study and can depend upon the ages or types of students involved, these programs generally achieve two to three times the improvement as other reading programs.
Master the Code is the newest of these reading and spelling programs. It is based upon the most recent scientific research and incorporates all of the components of a good reading program. Although these other programs mentioned above include the key components needed to remedy reading difficulties, we believe Master the Code has several unique and important differences.
MTC develops underlying skills
MTC recognizes that some students do not bring sufficient cognitive skills to the task of learning the reading code quickly and efficiently. Even if the code is taught completely and sequentially, a student who has a severe auditory processing deficiency, is not concentrating adequately, works too slowly, has poor memory skills, or cannot create good mental images, will complete lessons very slowly or exhibit poor retention. When these skills are in place, however, students learn rapidly. Master the Code has been designed to remedy these significant problem areas.
Embedded within MTC are procedures that evaluate, pinpoint, and develop to advanced levels the underlying mental skills required to assure fast and efficient learning-to-read skills. (MTC has been developed by the world"s leading cognitive training company " PACE). Some of these skills include: